Jumping consists of giving the body a sufficient impulse in order to cover a distance or any obstacle in one leap.
It is important to distinguish:
1) The educative jump on a prepared surface with a predetermined obstacle.
2) The applied jump with real obstacles.
These two types of jumps are useful, both from a practical standpoint as well as physical development.
The effects of jumps on the body are the following:
1) They engage the most important parts of the body, particularly the cardiorespiratory functions;
2) They have a powerful action on the muscular development of the lower limbs and the abdomen, especially jumps without momentum;
3) They develop agility and hand-eye coordination;
4) They strengthen the feet and ankles and train the body to sustain various kinds of impact;
5) They promote flexibility and a sense of equilibrium/balance to avoid bad falls.
Applied jumps or over real obstacles do not differ from educative jumps in their mechanism of execution. In addition to the benefits described above, they provide a mental benefit, because they help overcome the apprehension brought upon the obstacle and to dominate, in certain situations, the instinctive feeling of fear. They thus promote becoming calm, cold-blooded and with a spirit of quick-thinking.
Jumping is not just a form of exercise of unquestionable functionality. Its regular practice helps avoid many injuries such as: sprains, contusions, fractures etc, which often are due to a lack of balance in the falls or lack of specific training of the feet and ankles.